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Wednesday, February 3 • 10:00 - 10:45
Educational Guidance and Career Counselling in Africa: The Case of South Africa and French-speaking Sub-Sahara African Countries

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Educational guidance and career counselling in South Africa
Unemployment is a major challenge for South Africans, with high rates of unemployment of between 27.7% and 36.8%. These unemployment rates are currently higher in COVID-19 because of the closure of businesses. The exclusion of the Black, Coloured and Indian populations from an effective educational system and a range of employment opportunities was one of the great injustices of apartheid, and residual disparities can still be witnessed. The practice of career counselling in South Africa is confronting the challenge of chronic unemployment over generations, which needs to be viewed within the historical context and migratory employment patterns within South Africa, and the notions of access, choice and careers need to be carefully unpacked.

Educational guidance and career counselling in French-speaking sub-Sahara African countries
The education systems of most French-speaking African countries underwent successive reforms soon after their independence. The main objectives were to guarantee education for all, the training of a teaching staff, and the greater professionalization of the education system. Career counselling and vocational guidance were supposed to help shape citizens capable of contributing to the economic development of their country. However, the economic crisis of the 80s did not allow career counselling services to develop as envisioned. The situation today is alarming and includes the lack of budget, staff (e.g., 1 career counsellor for 500 university students in Cameroon and 43,000 students in Togo), adequate intervention tools, and continuing training for counsellors.

Decent work and the psychology of working theory in West Africa
Decent work is crucial for an individual’s life development and well-being. In the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development of the United Nations, decent work was made an explicit goal. In the field of vocational psychology, the psychology of working theory states that both contextual and individual factors have an impact on individual career paths and thus on people’s ability to access decent work. This theory also suggests that appropriate educational and vocational guidance can support access to decent work and sustain well-being. Several studies have investigated how decent work is perceived in West Africa and the validity of the psychology of working theory in this African context.

Speakers | Conférenciers
avatar for Gert van Brussel

Gert van Brussel

Dr. Gert van Brussel is President of IAEVG, the International Association for Educational and Vocational Guidance, and a past President and Honourable Member of NOLOC, the Dutch association of career professionals. Gert has more than 40 years' experience in the domain of career development... Read More →
avatar for Anouk Jasmine Albien

Anouk Jasmine Albien

Post-Doctoral Researcher, University of Lausanne
Anouk Jasmine Albien, PhD, is a post-doctoral researcher based at the Psychology Institute at the University of Lausanne. Anouk has received several awards including the MSC-IF European Commission Seal of Excellence, the ESVDC Early Career Researcher’s Award, South African National... Read More →
avatar for Jérôme Rossier

Jérôme Rossier

Professor of Vocational and Counselling Psychology, University of Lausanne
Jérôme Rossier is full Professor of vocational and counselling psychology at the Institute of Psychology of the University of Lausanne. He is editor of the International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance and member of several editorial boards and has published almost... Read More →
avatar for Kokou Amenyona Atitsogbe

Kokou Amenyona Atitsogbe

PhD Student, University of Lausanne
Kokou Amenyona Atitsogbe holds an MSc in occupational psychology (University of Lomé, Togo), an MSc in career counselling psychology (INETOP-CNAM, France), and is currently a junior SNF researcher and a PhD student in career counselling at CePCO (University of Lausanne). His research... Read More →


Wednesday February 3, 2021 10:00 - 10:45 EST